2016 yılında, ilk defa sığınma talebinde bulunan kayıtlı başvuru sahibi sayısı 1.2 milyon

1.2 million first time asylum seekers registered in 2016

46/2017 -  16 March 2017

 

Asylum in the EU Member States
1.2 million first time asylum seekers registered in 2016
Syrians, Afghans and Iraqis continued to be the top citizenships

In 2016, 1 204 300 first time asylum seekers applied for international protection in the Member States of the European Union (EU), a number slightly down compared with 2015 (when 1 257 000 first time applicants were registered) but almost double that of 2014 (562 700).

Syrians (334 800 first time applicants), Afghans (183 000) and Iraqis (127 000) remained the main citizenship of people seeking international protection in the EU Member States in 2016, accounting for slightly more than half of all first time applicants.

These data on asylum applicants in the EU are issued by Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union. They are complemented with an article and an infographic available on the Eurostat website.

 

Number of first time asylum applicants registered in the EU Member States

Number of first time asylum applicants registered in the EU Member States

 6 in 10 applied for asylum in Germany
 

With 722 300 first time applicants registered in 2016, Germany recorded 60% of all first time applicants in the EU Member States. It was followed by Italy (121 200, or 10%), France (76 000, or 6%), Greece (49 900, or 4%), Austria (39 900, or 3%) and the United Kingdom (38 300, or 3%). Among Member States with more than 5 000 first time asylum seekers in 2016, numbers of first time applicants rose most compared with the previous year in Greece (38 500 more first time asylum seekers in 2016 than in 2015, or +339%), Germany (280 500 more, or +63%) and Italy (37 900 more, or +46%). In contrast, the largest decreases were recorded in the Nordic Member States – Sweden (-86%), Finland (-84%) and Denmark (-71%) – as well as in Hungary (-84%), Belgium (-63%), the Netherlands (-55%) and Austria (-53%).

Highest number of first time applicants relative to the population in Germany, lowest in Slovakia Compared with the population of each Member State, the highest number of registered first time applicants in 2016 was recorded in Germany (8 789 first time applicants per million inhabitants), ahead of Greece (4 625), Austria (4 587), Malta (3 989), Luxembourg (3 582) and Cyprus (3 350). In contrast, the lowest numbers were observed in Slovakia (18 applicants per million inhabitants), Portugal (69), Romania (94), the Czech Republic and Estonia (both 114). In 2016, there were in total 2 360 first time asylum applicants per million inhabitants in the EU as a whole.

Around 30% of first time asylum seekers were Syrians
 

Syria (28% of the total number of first time applicants) was again in 2016 the main country of citizenship of asylum seekers in the EU Member States. Of the 334 800 Syrians who applied for the first time for asylum in the EU in 2016, almost 80% were registered in Germany (266 250). In total, Syrians represented the main citizenship of asylum seekers in thirteen EU Member States.

Afghanistan (15% of the total number of first time applicants) remained the second main country of citizenship of asylum seekers in the EU Member States in 2016. Of the 183 000 Afghans seeking asylum protection for the first time in the EU Member States in 2016, nearly 70% applied in Germany (127 000). Afghans represented the main citizenship of asylum seekers in five EU Member States. With 127 000 first time applicants (or 11% of the EU total) in 2016, Iraq was the third country of citizenship of asylum seekers in the EU Member States. Three-quarters applied in Germany (96 100).


First time asylum seekers in the EU Member States by country of citizenship, 2016

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A million asylum applications pending at the end of 2016

Pending applications for international protection are those that have been made at any time and are still under consideration by the responsible national authorities at the end of the reference period. In other words, they refer to the "stock" of applications for which decisions are still pending. This statistic is meant to measure the workload of the national authorities.

At the end of 2016, 1 094 100 applications for international protection in the EU Member States were still under consideration by the responsible national authorities. At the end of 2015, there were about as many (1 002 400). With 601 900 pending applications at the end of 2016 (or 55% of the EU total), Germany had the largest share in the EU, ahead of Italy (99 900, or 9%), Sweden (83 000, or 8%) and Austria (77 400, or 7%).
 

Number of asylum applications pending at the end of the month in the EU Member States

 

 

Issued by: Eurostat Press Office

Vincent BOURGEAIS Tel: +352-4301-33 444 
eurostat-pressoffice@ec.europa.eu

@EU_Eurostat
EurostatStatistics


Production of data:

Alexandros BITOULAS Tel: +352-4301-37 608
alexandros.bitoulas@ec.europa.eu

Piotr JUCHNO 
Tel: +352-4301-36 240
piotr.juchno@ec.europa.eu

ec.europa.eu/eurostat/


Media requests: Eurostat media support / Tel: +352-4301-33 408 / eurostat-mediasupport@ec.europa.eu


First time asylum applicants in the EU Member States

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Number of first time applicants is rounded to the nearest 5. Calculations are based on exact data.
* Inhabitants refer to the resident population at 1 January 2016.
: Data not available
- Not applicable
The source dataset can be found here.



First time asylum applicants by country of citizenship in 2016

Image removed.

Number of first time applicants is rounded to the nearest 5. Calculations are based on exact data.
*  A stateless person is someone who is not recognized as a citizen of any state.
** Kosovo under UN Security Council Resolution 1244/99. The source dataset can be found here.

 

Geographical information

The European Union (EU) includes Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Germany, Estonia, Ireland, Greece, Spain, France, Croatia, Italy, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Hungary, Malta, the Netherlands, Austria, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Slovakia, Finland, Sweden and the United Kingdom.

 

Methods and definitions

Data on asylum are provided to Eurostat by the Ministries of Interior, Justice or immigration agencies of the Member States according to the provisions of Article 4 of the Regulation (EC) 862/2007 of 11 July 2007 on Community statistics on migration and international protection. In addition, all Member States provide data on first time asylum applicants on a voluntary basis.

The EU total is calculated as an aggregation of Member States data. Member State data refer to the number of persons applying for asylum for the first time in that Member State. Persons may however apply for international protection in more than one Member State in a given reference year. Consequently, the EU total may include such multiple applicants. Based on an estimate using latest available Dublin statistics, around 6% of asylum applicants in the EU have applied for asylum in more than one EU Member State during that same year.

'Application for international protection' means an application for international protection as defined in Art. 2(g) of Council Directive 2004/83/EC, i.e. including requests for refugee status or for subsidiary protection status, irrespective of whether the application was lodged on arrival at the border, or from inside the country, and irrespective of whether the person entered th e territory legally (e.g. as a tourist) or illegally.

'First time asylum applicant/seeker' means a person having submitted an application for international protection or having been  included  in  such  application  as  a  family  member,  for  the  first  time.  Applications  submitted  by  persons  who  are subsequently found to be a subject of a Dublin procedure are included in the statistics on fir st time asylum applicants if such persons are also a subject of first asylum application. A person can be recorded as first time applicant only if he or she ha d never applied for international protection in the reporting country in the past, irrespective of the fact that he or she is found to have applied in another Member State of the European Union.

This news release refers to the number of 'First time asylum applicants'. The indicator 'First time asylum applicants' excludes repeat applicants i.e. persons applying for asylum more than once in one country and therefore more accurately presents the number of persons applying for international protection in the EU Member States. The use of this indicator is now possible as all Member States are able to provide it to Eurostat.

A person being the subject of a 'pending application' means a person who is the subject of an application for international protection under consideration by the responsible national authority at the end of the reference period. It includes the number of persons  with  pending  applications  at  all  instances  of  the  administrative  and/or  judicial  procedure  (see  Art  4.1(b) of  the Regulation).

 

For more information

Eurostat database on asylum and managed migration
Eurostat metadata on asylum applications statistics
Eurostat Statistics Explained article on asylum quarterly data
Eurostat Statistics Explained article on asylum annual data
Eurostat interactive infographic on asylum applicants in 2016