Located in the southeast part of the Balkans, Bulgaria has a diverse topography. The north of the country is dominated by the vast lowlands of the Danube Plain with the river Danube defining the border with neighbouring Romania. The south of the country, by contrast, is dominated by highlands and elevated plains while, in the east, the Black Sea coast attracts tourists all year round.
The most important sectors of Bulgaria’s economy in 2014 were industry (23.5 %), wholesale and retail trade, transport, accommodation and food services (21.3 %) and public administration, defence, education, human health and social work activities (13.2 %).
Bulgaria’s main export partners are Germany, Turkey and Italy while its main import partners are Russia, Germany and Italy.
110 370 km²
7 202 198 (2015)
Population as % of total EU:
1.4 % (2015)
Gross domestic product (GDP):
€ 44.162 billion (2015)
Official EU language(s):
EU member country since:
1 January 2007
Seats in the European Parliament:
Bulgarian lev BGN
Schengen area member?
No, Bulgaria is not a member of the Schengen Area.
Presidency of the Council:
Bulgaria will hold the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU for the first time in 2018.