Combating climate change
Transition Assistance and Institution-Building
Combating climate change is a top priority for Turkey and the EU. Turkey is among the countries at high risk from the effects of climate change, due to its unique geographical features but also its increasing and urbanised population, fast-growing economy, and dependence on imported energy. Three-quarters of greenhouse gas emissions, which have been on the increase since 2000, come from the energy sector and the fuel used in industry, transport, buildings, and agriculture. Similar to the EU, which aims to transform itself into a highly energy-efficient, low-carbon economy by 2020, Turkey is seeking to reduce its primary energy intensity by 20% (from 2008 levels) by 2023.
The project’s aims and core activities
Part of the overall objective to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, this project aims to increase national and local capacity to prepare for climate-resilient, low-carbon development, in a process that will gradually align with EU climate policy and legislation.
The project has four main components, the first involving the development of an analytical basis for formulating strategies and actions towards green growth. Determining the costs and the mitigation potential for buildings, transport, waste, and agriculture will allow for more effective and economic implementation of the country’s targets.
The second plank of the project will result in the development of an analytical basis for the land use, land-use change, and forestry (LULUCF) sector. This development will involve establishing a national system for monitoring land use change and agreeing on standard definitions of terms relating to forestry. This component will also include a study of land areas for the purpose of estimating carbon stocks, emissions, and greenhouse gas removal.
The third component aims to increase capacity for transposition and capacity-building of fluorinated greenhouse gases (F-gases), an area where Turkey has made limited progress. Firstly, it is essential to establish a national monitoring system to record the uses of F-gases, as required by EU regulations.
Finally, training and public awareness campaigns will be provided for municipalities, provincial agencies, the private sector, NGOs, universities and research institutes, community-based organisations, chambers, unions, and the general public to increase awareness of the need for action against climate change.