The threats from cybercrime are vast, ranging from attacks on the privacy, integrity and availability of computer data and systems, including malware, botnets and denial of service attacks, to phishing and other types of identity theft. It also relates to computer-related forgery and fraud, child pornography, hate speech and infringements of copyright and related rights. Although Turkey took a number of important measures to deal with this problem, further measures were necessary to make the country a full player in the international fight against cybercrime.
The aims of the project and its core activities
The project aims to improve the ability of law enforcement agencies and the criminal justice system to deal with cybercrime cases. It also seeks to develop the cooperation – in terms of the exchange of information, expertise and best practices – between national and international public- and private-sector bodies in the fight against cybercrime.
The Turkish National Police and the Gendarmerie General Command are the main agencies involved in the project, which also includes the Ministry of Justice and the Telecommunication Presidency, the country’s telecoms authority.
The first step involved drafting and presenting to parliament an amendment to align Turkish law with EU regulations and the Council of Europe conventions on cybercrime.
Following study visits to EU countries, training modules on cybercrime investigations and electronic evidence were devised and offered to prosecutors, judges and law enforcement officers.
In order to facilitate immediate assistance in international cybercrime cases, point of contact staff were designated and trained to be available on a 24 hour, 7-day-a-week basis.
Guidelines were also developed on request procedures from law enforcement agencies to internet service providers, in line with the conventions on cybercrime.