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vaccinating a sheep

Controlling foot-and-mouth disease

Transition Assistance and Institution-Building



Foot and Mouth (FMD) is one of the most hazardous infectious diseases in livestock, due to the serious economic damage it may cause and its severe effect on trade. In 1967, Türkiye began implementing a vaccination policy, but the disease remained endemic in Anatolia, with the threat of new virus strains identified in neighbouring eastern and southeastern countries. In 2009, European and Turkish animal health officials agreed to launch a new mass vaccination programme, as a follow-up to the one implemented in 2008–2010.

The project’s aims and core activities

With the eradication of FMD in Türkiye as its overall aim, this three-year project focused on conducting a mass vaccination of ruminants (such as cattle, sheep, and goats) as well as applying other EU control measures such as animal identification, movement, and market controls in the provinces (or parts of provinces) in the Thrace region, which is on the European continent.

The implementation of the project reflected the varying prevalence of the disease in Thrace. It sought to keep Thrace FMD-free by administering 4.8 million vaccine doses and applying standard control measures with a view to sustaining the FMD-free status through vaccination, as recognised by the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) in 2010.

The project also procured serosurveillance sampling and test kits in order to measure annual immunisation levels against the disease in Thrace.


IPA I (2007–2013)


  • Budget: €7.8 million (EU contribution €6.64 million)
  • Province: Çanakkale, Edirne, İstanbul, Kırklareli, Tekirdağ
  • (This project only concerns the European part of the İstanbul and Çanakkale provinces)
  • Status: Completed in 2014