Prague in the Czech Republic

Czech Republic

The Czech Republic is a landlocked country in Central Europe and became a separate state in 1993 after Czechoslovakia split into two countries.

The most important sectors of the Czech Republic’s economy in 2014 were industry (32.6 %), wholesale and retail trade, transport, accommodation and food services (17.9 %) and public administration, defence, education, human health and social work activities (14.9 %).

The Czech Republic’s main export partners are Germany, Slovakia and Poland while its main import partners are Germany, Poland and Slovakia.



Geographical size: 

78 868 km²


10 538 275 (2015)

Population as % of total EU: 

2.1 % (2015)

Gross domestic product (GDP): 

€ 163.947 billion (2015)

Official EU language(s): 


Political system: 

parliamentary republic

EU member country since: 

1 May 2004

Seats in the European Parliament: 



Czech koruna (CZK)

Schengen area member? 

Yes, Schengen Area member since 21 December 2007.

Presidency of the Council: 

the Czech Republic has held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU once in 2009.