Estonia is the most northerly of the three Baltic States and is a predominantly flat country on the eastern shores of the Baltic Sea.
The most important sectors of Estonia’s economy in 2014 were wholesale and retail trade, transport, accommodation and food services (22.5 %), industry (21.1 %) and public administration, defence, education, human health and social work activities (15.4 %).
Estonia’s main export partners are Sweden, Finland and Latvia, while its main import partners are Finland, Germany and Sweden.
45 227 km2
1 313 271 (2015)
Population as % of total EU:
0.3 % (2015)
Gross domestic product (GDP):
€ 20.461 billion (2015)
Official EU language(s):
EU member country since:
1 May 2004
Seats in the European Parliament:
Euro. Member of the eurozone since 1 January 2011
Schengen area member?
Yes, Schengen Area member since 21 December 2007.
Presidency of the Council:
Estonia will hold the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU for the first time in the first half of 2018.