France is the largest country in the EU, stretching from the North Sea to the Mediterranean. The landscape is diverse, with mountains in the east and south, including the Alpine peak of Mont Blanc (4 810 m), which is western Europe's highest point.
The most important sectors of France’s economy in 2014 were public administration, defence, education, human health and social work activities (23.2 %), wholesale and retail trade, transport, accommodation and food services (17.7 %) and industry (13.8 %).
France’s main export and import partners are Germany, Belgium and Italy.
633 187 km2
66 415 161 (2015)
Population as % of total EU:
13.1 % (2015)
Gross domestic product (GDP):
€ 2.184 trillion (2015)
Official EU language(s):
EU member country since:
1 January 1958
Seats in the European Parliament:
Euro. Member of the eurozone since 1 January 1999
Schengen area member?
Yes, Schengen Area member since 26 March 1995.
Presidency of the Council:
France has held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU 12 times between 1959 and 2008.