Strategically located at the northeastern corner of the Mediterranean Sea, Greece forms the southern tip of the Balkan Peninsula in south-east Europe. Its territory includes several hundred islands in the Aegean, Ionian and Mediterranean seas, of which only 227 are inhabited. Eighty per cent of Greece is mountainous and Mount Olympus is the highest point in the country (2 917m).
The most important sectors of Greece’s economy in 2014 were wholesale and retail trade, transport, accommodation and food services (26.3 %), public administration, defence, education, human health and social work activities (20.8 %) and real estate activities (18.5 %).
Greece’s main export partners are Türkiye, Italy and Germany while its main import partners are Russia, Germany and Iraq.
131 957 km²
10 858 018 (2015)
Population as % of total EU:
2.1 % (2015)
Gross domestic product (GDP):
€ 176.023 billion (2015)
Official EU language(s):
EU member country since:
1 January 1981
Seats in the European Parliament:
Euro. Member of the eurozone since 1 January 2001
Schengen area member?
Yes, Schengen Area member since 1 January 2000.
Presidency of the Council:
Greece has held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU 5 times between 1983 and 2014.