Improving flood management
In terms of the losses they inflict, floods are the second most destructive type of natural disaster in Turkey after earthquakes. Between 1975 and 2009, the country was hit by 695 floods, which led to the loss of life of 634 people and inflicted an economic loss of approximately US$100 million every year. The EU’s Flood Risks Assessment and Management Directive aims to reduce the adverse consequences of floods. However, Turkish law and approaches needed to be enhanced in order to fully meet all the requirements of the directive.
The aims of the project and its core activities
This project’s objective is to strengthen the administrative and technical capacity of the Ministry of Forest and Water Affairs and State Hydraulic Works (DSİ) to adopt and
implement the requirements of the EU directive on flood management and risk assessment.
The first step is to bring existing legislative and administrative frameworks into line with the directive. This task involved upskilling staff in the requirements of the directive, such as in conducting preliminary flood risk assessments, developing flood hazard maps, identifying flood risks and preparing flood risk management plans. First-hand experience in implementing the directive is being provided through study tours to member states.
The requirements of the directive will then be implemented on a pilot basis in the Batı Karadeniz river basin, which was badly hit by flooding in 1998. The results of this pilot project will form the basis of a national plan to implement the directive. This plan will also consider the impact of applying the directive as well as the anticipated costs of flood management.
An information campaign, which includes public consultations and workshops, will be conducted in order to involve various stakeholders (local authorities, industry, farmers, the tourism sector, NGOs) and the general public in the project.