Improving the quality of vocational education and training

Improving the quality of vocational education and training

Background

The competitiveness of the vocational education and training (VET) sector and its graduates depends on adhering to quality values. High unemployment rates among VET graduates reveal the ineffectiveness of the educational system. Research carried out in 2006 found, for example, that 74% of companies had not recruited any VET graduates in the previous 12 months. This trend underlined the need to provide Turkey with a quality assurance system, in line with the European Quality Assurance Reference Framework, to increase the quality of VET education.

The project’s aims and core activities

As part of wider efforts to improve the relationship between the labour market and education, this project aimed to increase the content and quality of vocational and technical education by developing knowledge, skills, and competencies in line with EU standards.

In cooperation with the social partners, a quality assurance system, adhering to the European Quality Assurance Reference Framework for VET (EQARF), was developed and piloted in selected post-secondary higher schools and vocational educational institutions and revised accordingly.

Partnerships were established between vocational institutions, the social partners, and the private sector in selected provinces to put collaboration between the labour market and VET on a more active footing and to facilitate the transfer of qualifications and competencies. A grant scheme was also developed to improve the quality of VET through innovative local partnerships.

Specifically, new curricular modules were developed for the justice, agriculture, maritime, and health areas, which had been transferred from other ministries to the Ministry of National Education. Training in these fields was then piloted in selected VET schools.

In addition, administrators and staff at participating VET schools were provided with additional pedagogical and professional training, and vocational and career guidance services were improved.