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Ireland comprises five-sixths of the island of Ireland. The north-eastern part of the island is Northern Ireland which is part of the United Kingdom. 

Ireland has a long coastline. To the west is the northern Atlantic Ocean and to the south the Celtic Sea. To the east Ireland is separated from Great Britain by the Irish Sea.

The most important sectors of Ireland’s economy in 2014 were industry (22.4 %), public administration, defence, education, human health and social work activities (17.5 %) and wholesale and retail trade, transport, accommodation and food service activities (15.5 %).

Ireland’s main export partners are the US, the UK and Belgium, while its main import partners are the UK, the US and Germany.



Geographical size: 

69 797 km2


4 628 949 (2015)

Population as % of total EU: 

0.9 % (2015)

Gross domestic product (GDP): 

€ 214.623 billion (2015)

Official EU language(s): 

Irish, English

Political system: 

parliamentary republic

EU member country since: 

1 January 1973

Seats in the European Parliament: 



 Euro. Member of the eurozone since 1 January 1999

Schengen area member? 

 No, Ireland is not a member of the Schengen Area.

Presidency of the Council: 

Ireland has held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU 7 times between 1975 and 2013.