Lithuania is the southernmost of the three Baltic States – and the largest and most populous of them. The country is predominantly flat, with a few low hills in the western uplands and eastern highlands. Forests cover just over 30 % of the country.
The most important sectors of Lithuania’s economy in 2014 were wholesale and retail trade, transport, accommodation and food services (32.7 %), industry (23.6 %) and public administration, defence, education, human health and social work activities (13.9 %).
Lithuania’s main export partners are Russia, Latvia and Poland while its main import partners are Russia, Germany and Poland.
65 286 km2
2 921 262 (2015)
Population as % of total EU:
0.6 % (2015)
Gross domestic product (GDP):
€ 37.124 billion (2015)
Official EU language(s):
EU member country since:
1 May 2004
Seats in the European Parliament:
Euro. Member of the eurozone since 1 January 2015
Schengen area member?
Yes, Schengen Area member since 21 December 2007.
Presidency of the Council:
Lithuania has held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU once in 2013.