Portugal is on the western side of the Iberian Peninsula and is the westernmost country of mainland Europe. The country has one land border with Spain to the north and east and has a long coastline with the Atlantic Ocean to the west and south. In addition to continental Portugal, the country includes the archipelagos of Azores and Madeira, which are autonomous regions of the country.
The most important sectors of Portugal’s economy in 2014 were wholesale and retail trade, transport, accommodation and food services (25.1 %) and public administration, defence, education, human health and social work activities (20.5 %) and industry (17.0 %).
Portugal’s main export partners are Spain, France and Germany while its main import partners are Spain, Germany and France.
92 226 km2
10 374 822 (2015)
Population as % of total EU:
2 % (2015)
Gross domestic product (GDP):
€ 179.379 billion (2015)
Official EU language(s):
EU member country since:
1 January 1986
Seats in the European Parliament:
Euro. Member of the eurozone since 1 January 1999
Schengen area member?
Yes, Schengen Area member since 26 March 1995.
Presidency of the Council:
Portugal has held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU 3 times between 1992 and 2007.