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Promoting registered employment

Promoting registered employment


Unregistered employment is one of the key issues and major challenges of the Turkish labour market. Although recent years have seen a declining trend in unregistered employment, a considerable portion of Turkey’s workforce is still employed without being registered with the social security system. In addition to preventing workers from having access to social benefits, unregistered employment encourages precarious employment conditions such as excessive working hours, working methods that carry adverse health effects, and child labour. Women, young people, and the elderly are the most affected. The consequences are a greatly increased risk of poverty and social exclusion, as well as a working poor population. Overcoming informality in the labour marked required a careful, two-pronged approach focused on promoting registered work through strengthening the formal side of the economy as well as on legal enforcement and guidance.

The project’s aims and core activities

The overall objective of the project was to promote registered employment by strengthening the capacity of the Social Security Institution (SSI) and improving coordination between the relevant public institutions and social partners in order to provide sustainable economic growth with more and better jobs and greater social cohesion.

The project, mainly implemented in 12 provinces whose per capita GDP is below 75% of the national average and where the unregistered employment rate is high, assisted the SSI and the social partners in promoting registered employment, setting up a trainer corps to train SSI staff, and improving its coordination with other agencies.

In addition, grants were made available to local authorities and municipalities, public organisations, social partners, chambers of commerce, professional organisations, and NGOS to promote registered employment through innovative local partnerships.

Moreover, the project provided the SSI’s Presidency of Guidance and Inspection with the necessary equipment to develop a database for cross-institutional use as well as to meet the needs of the guidance centres for promoting registered employment that were established within local SSI branches.


IPA I (2007–2013)


  • Budget: €15 million (EU contribution €12.75 million)
  • Province: Nationwide, Adıyaman, Ağrı, Amasya, Ardahan, Artvin, Batman, Bayburt, Bingöl, Bitlis, Çankırı, Çorum, Diyarbakır, Elâzığ, Erzincan, Erzurum, Gaziantep, Giresun, Gümüşhane, Hakkâri, Hatay, Iğdır, Kahramanmaraş, Kars, Kastamonu, Kayseri, Kilis, Malatya, Mardin, Muş, Ordu, Osmaniye, Rize, Samsun, Şanlıurfa, Siirt, Sinop, Şırnak, Sivas, Tokat, Trabzon, Tunceli, Van, Yozgat
  • (focusing on the 43 above-mentioned provinces in 12 NUTS II regions)
  • Status: Completed in 2012