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Teaching bee keeping to young women

Promoting youth employment


Youth unemployment is a global challenge. Young people face a number of difficulties in making the transition from education to the labour market. They are much more likely to face unemployment and involuntary part-time employment, to hold temporary contracts with low pay levels, and to be the first to lose their job in a crisis. Youth unemployment rates are usually twice the unemployment rate of adults, due to a combination of different factors. These challenges are related to education, employment, and school-to-work transition policies in general, and with the lack of cooperation and coordination among different stakeholders. Therefore, there was a need to better coordinate education, employment, and school-to-work transition policies and to ensure the cooperation of all relevant public institutions, trade unions, NGOs, local authorities, and private companies.

The project’s aims and core activities

The purpose of the project was to deliver effective active labour market policies (ALMP) for increasing the employment of young people while promoting their integration into the labour market.

The project worked to ensure that early school leavers and secondary school graduates in general obtained or improved their vocational/job skills and qualifications in line with the needs of the labour market and the economy. To this end, private companies were encouraged to offer internships and on-the-job training facilities to young people.

It also sought to cultivate entrepreneurial skills and knowledge among secondary school and university graduates so that they could start up their own businesses. Interactive entrepreneurship guidelines were developed in DVD and online format, and a model Youth Entrepreneurship Support (YES) programme was piloted in five provinces.

In addition, job and vocational guidance and counselling services were developed to assist young people in preparing individual career plans and CVs and to organise career day events at schools and universities.


IPA I (2007–2013)


  • Budget: €23 million (EU contribution €19.55 million)
  • Province: Nationwide, Adıyaman, Ağrı, Amasya, Ardahan, Artvin, Batman, Bayburt, Bingöl, Bitlis, Çankırı, Çorum, Diyarbakır, Elâzığ, Erzincan, Erzurum, Gaziantep, Giresun, Gümüşhane, Hakkâri, Hatay, Iğdır, Kahramanmaraş, Kars, Kastamonu, Kayseri, Kilis, Malatya, Mardin, Muş, Ordu, Osmaniye, Rize, Samsun, Şanlıurfa, Siirt, Sinop, Şırnak, Sivas, Tokat, Trabzon, Tunceli, Van, Yozgat
  • (focusing on the 43 above-mentioned provinces in 12 NUTS II regions)
  • Status: Completed in 2013