The overall objective of the support provided in the field of regional competitiveness is to increase the competitiveness of the Turkish economy so it can converge with the economy of the EU as well as to reduce regional socio-economic disparities.
2007-2013: Regional Competitiveness Operational Programme (RCOP):
RCOP aims to contribute to policy development and the mobilisation of resources, which will pave the way for reducing regional disparities through investment in business infrastructure, access to finance, and improvement of labour force skills with particular emphasis on Turkey’s less-developed regions.
RCOP concentrates on a limited number of sectors (information society, innovation, research & development, and SMEs operating in the manufacturing and tourism sectors), regions and priorities where the programme's impact and contribution will be the highest. It is being implemented in regions having an income per capita below 75% of the Turkish national average.
The main priorities of RCOP are improving the business environment, strengthening enterprise capacity, and fostering entrepreneurship.
2014-2020: Competitiveness and Innovation Sector Operational Programme (CISOP)
The overarching strategy of the CISOP is developing an export-oriented, private sector-led competitive production structure by increasing productivity and accelerating industrialisation. More specifically, CISOP’s main strategy is to contribute to the transformation of the national manufacturing industry in order to help it move up the value chains.
In principle, geographical concentration approach will cover 12 NUTS II regions having Gross Value Added per capita below 75% of the national average. Projects generated by these regions in the manufacturing industry field will be prioritised. In the field of tourism, priority will be given to middle-low and low-income regions, while creative industry interventions will be prioritised for high and middle-high income regions.
Actions covered under CISOP are private sector development, science, technology and innovation and capacity-building.