Romania, in southeast Europe, is dominated by the Carpathian mountains in the north and centre of the country while the main feature in the south is the vast Danube valley which becomes a delta as it approaches the Black Sea.
The most important sectors of Romania’s economy in 2014 were industry (27.3 %), wholesale and retail trade, transport, accommodation and food services (17.9 %) and public administration, defence, education, human health and social work activities (10.3 %).
Romania’s main export partners are Germany, Italy and France while its main import partners are Germany, Italy and Hungary.
238 391 km2
19 870 647 (2015)
Population as % of total EU:
3.9 % (2015)
Gross domestic product (GDP):
€ 160.353 billion (2015)
Official EU language(s):
EU member country since:
1 January 2007
Seats in the European Parliament:
Romanian Leu RON
Schengen area member?
No, Romania is not a member of the Schengen Area.
Presidency of the Council:
Romania will hold the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU for the first time in 2019.