Athenaeum in Bucarest

Romania

Romania, in southeast Europe, is dominated by the Carpathian mountains in the north and centre of the country while the main feature in the south is the vast Danube valley which becomes a delta as it approaches the Black Sea.

The most important sectors of Romania’s economy in 2014 were industry (27.3 %), wholesale and retail trade, transport, accommodation and food services (17.9 %) and public administration, defence, education, human health and social work activities (10.3 %).

Romania’s main export partners are Germany, Italy and France while its main import partners are Germany, Italy and Hungary.

Capital: 

Bucharest

Geographical size: 

238 391 km2

Population: 

19 870 647 (2015)

Population as % of total EU: 

3.9 % (2015)

Gross domestic product (GDP): 

€ 160.353 billion (2015)

Official EU language(s): 

Romanian

Political system: 

 semi-presidential republic

EU member country since: 

 1 January 2007

Seats in the European Parliament: 

 32

Currency: 

 Romanian Leu RON

Schengen area member? 

 No, Romania is not a member of the Schengen Area.

Presidency of the Council: 

 Romania will hold the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU for the first time in 2019.