Slovakia is a country in eastern central Europe and is bordered by the Czech Republic and Austria to the west, Poland to the north, Ukraine to the east and Hungary to the south. The Carpathian Mountains extend across the northern half of the country and include the High Tatras, which provide a natural watershed between Slovakia and Poland. In the southern half of the country are the lowlands of the Danube plain.
The most important sectors of Slovakia’s economy in 2014 were industry (24.7 %), wholesale and retail trade, transport, accommodation and food services (22.4 %) and public administration, defence, education, human health and social work activities (14.5 %).
Slovakia’s main export partners are Germany, the Czech Republic and Poland while its main import partners are Germany, the Czech Republic and Austria.
49 035 km2
5 421 349 (2015)
Population as % of total EU:
1.1 % (2015)
Gross domestic product (GDP):
€ 78.071 billion (2015)
Official EU language(s):
EU member country since:
1 May 2004
Seats in the European Parliament:
Euro. Member of the eurozone since 1 January 2009
Schengen area member?
Yes, Schengen Area member since 21 December 2007.
Presidency of the Council:
Slovakia currently holds the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU. This is the first time Slovakia holds the presidency.