High plateaux and mountain ranges such as the Pyrenees and the Sierra Nevada dominate much of mainland Spain, which is on the Iberian Peninsula. To the north, the country is bordered by France and Andorra, and to the west by Portugal. Spain also includes the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea, the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean, and two autonomous exclaves in North Africa: Ceuta and Melilla.
The most important sectors of Spain’s economy in 2014 were wholesale and retail trade, transport, accommodation and food services (24.1 %), public administration, defence, education, human health and social work activities (18.6 %), and industry (17.5 %).
Spain’s main export partners are France, Germany and Portugal while its main import partners are Germany, France and China.
505 944 km2
46 449 565 (2015)
Population as % of total EU:
9.1 % (2015)
Gross domestic product (GDP):
€ 1.081 trillion (2015)
Official EU language(s):
parliamentary constitutional monarchy
EU member country since:
1 January 1986
Seats in the European Parliament:
Euro. Member of the eurozone since 1 January 1999
Schengen area member?
Yes, Schengen Area member since 26 March 1995.
Presidency of the Council:
Spain has held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU 4 times between 1989 and 2010.