Support Turkey to Manage Migration
The Directorate General for Migration Management (DGMM) under the Ministry of Interior is the leading administrative body in charge of migration management in Turkey. More concretely, DGMM is responsible for the implementation of migration policies and strategies, ensuring coordination among competent agencies, carrying out actions related to foreigners such as entering and exiting Turkish territory (including their forced removal), determining the status and protection of asylum seekers, and the fight against human trafficking. DGMM is also the authority in charge of the implementation of the EU-Turkey Readmission Agreement.
Following the adoption of the Law on Foreigners and International Protection in 2013 and the establishment of DGMM in 2014, financial support by the EU has expanded in this particular area.
EU programmes with DGMM usually encompass investments in infrastructure and equipment as well as "soft" interventions mostly implemented by international organisations and EU member states administrations for capacity building purposes. With the aim to significantly improve hosting capacities and conditions for irregular migrants awaiting forced return to their home country and after a request by the Turkish government, the EU decided to allocate more than € 56 million for a major assistance programme in the framework of which six removal and one reception centres, each with a capacity of 750 persons, were constructed. All of them went into operation in 2016. This programme was accompanied by consultancy services provided by various EU member states administrations aimed at building DGMM's capacity in managing these centres in line with best EU and international practices.
In the coming years, the EU will continue to support Turkey's hosting capacity for irregular migrants through the renovation of already existing removal centres as well as through the construction of additional removal centres.