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Upgrading the customs risk management system

Upgrading the customs risk management system


With the growth and diversification of its international trade, Türkiye has experienced an increase in the illegal movement of goods, vehicles and people. Moreover, smuggling methods and techniques have become more complicated and sophisticated. With its customs union with the EU and as a candidate country, Türkiye needed to ensure that its borders were protected not only against drugs or explosives smuggling but all kinds of illicit trade in goods. Crucial to that effort was the use of advanced risk management techniques so as not to hinder the flow of legitimate trade.

The aims of the project and its core activities

The project aimed to implement more effective monitoring and evaluation systems in the Turkish Customs Authority (TCA) for risk analysis, thus helping it monitor international trade and prevent fraud. In addition, it sought to achieve better compliance with EU customs blueprints on trade facilitation based on risk management.

As a first step, a review was conducted of the TCA’s risk management system and improved procedures were devised and implemented. The aim was to make the TCA more focused on intercepting illegal trade and, as a consequence, to reduce the number of physical inspections of legitimate imports and exports at customs border points.

A total of 727 staff were trained in the field while 22 staff at the centre were trained in methods and didactics. In total 10 study visits and internships were realised, with the participation of 35 customs officers from central and local units to two EU countries, in advanced risk analysis and post-clearance control systems.