Visa Liberalisation Dialogue
On 16 December 2013, the European Union (EU) and Türkiye launched the Visa Liberalisation Dialogue (VLD), in parallel with the signature of the EU-Türkiye Readmission Agreement. The aim of the EU-Türkiye visa liberalisation dialogue is to make progress towards the elimination of the visa obligation currently imposed on the Turkish citizens travelling to the Schengen area for a short term visit. The VLD is based on the Roadmap towards a visa-free regime with Türkiye, a document setting out the requirements that Türkiye needs to meet in order to enable the European Parliament and the Council to amend Regulation (EC) No 539/2001 which would allow Turkish citizens holding biometric passports that are in line with EU standards to travel to the Schengen Member States without a visa for short stays (i.e. up to 90 days within any 180-day period), and allow citizens of those EU Member States that still need a visa for short stays to enter Türkiye to travel visa free. The Roadmap outlines 72 benchmarks under five thematic groups, namely document security; migration management; public order and security; fundamental rights; and readmission of irregular migrants. Of these, Türkiye has so far met 66 benchmarks, while six have yet to be fulfilled.